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Chronicle

2000

Pro Natura invites all Swiss communes to mull over the creation of a new national park and offers one million Swiss Francs for the project of a second national park.

 

5 Swiss regions, including the Locarnese, follow up on this appeal launching studies on the feasibility of such a project.

 

13 communes of the valleys in the Locarnese appoint the "Locarno and Vallemaggia Region" (RLVM) to perform in their area a pre-feasability study for a national park.

 

 

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2001

DETEC (Federal Department of the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications) and FOEN (Federal Office for the Environment) elaborate federal norm proposals for the creation of new parks.

 

 

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2002

The RLVM delivers the "Parco Nazionale del Locarnese pre-feasibility study" to the Communes.

 

 

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2003

The Swiss Federal Council enacts the new Federal Law on Nature and Landscape Protection (LPN) in consultation. The feedback is essentially positive.

 

 

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2004

February

The Swiss Federal Council decides to postpone the revision of the LPN to the next legislature raising a chorus of protests.

 

March

The Ticino State Council lodges a protest in Bern.

6 Ticino National Council Members are interpellated in Bern.

The Swiss Group for Mountain Regions lodges a protest.

 

May

A petition by 49 mayors (out of 50!) in the Locarnese is forwarded to the Swiss Federal Council

The Council of States commission disapproves the governmental decision.

 

September

The National Council of Switzerland, with 110 votes to 62, accepts Dick Marty's request to restore the revision of the LPN in the current legislature's agenda.

 

 

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2005

February

The Swiss Federal Council cedes to pressures and decides to restore the revision of the LPN in the legislature's agenda.

 

May

Contrary to the Swiss Federal Council's will, which did not want to be in accordance with any federal funding of the parks, the Swiss Council of States Commission decides that the Confederation will have to financially support the future parks with a maximum annual amount of 10 million Swiss Francs.

 

June

The revision of the LPN is accepted unanimously by the Council of States.

 

October

The National Council Commission decides, with 16 positive votes to 7 negative ones, to add the mandatory federal funding to parks in the LPN.

 

November

The "Swiss Parks Network" is founded in Salgesh, Canton of Wallis. It is an umbrella organization that unites all park projects of national importance in Switzerland.

 

December

The National Council also decides that the Confederation must participate in the parks funding.

The mayors of the valleys in the Locarnese decide to relaunch the park project.

 

 

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2006

October

After having eliminated the last divergences between the two Chambers, the federal parliament eventually votes on the revision of the LPN, which includes mandatory co-financing by the Confederation for parks of national importance. The revision process of this law will have lasted 8 years (1998-2006). Now the writing process of the Ordinance on Parks (ParkO) begins.

 

 

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2007

January

Establishment of the project organization: the Park Council, in which the Communes, "Patriziati" and the Locarno and Vallemaggia Region are represented, becomes the project's supervisory body. Samantha Bourgoin is nominated Project Manager.

 

February

The FOEN puts the Ordinance on Parks (ParkO) in consultation. The project group organizes a wide consultation in the entire study area of the "Parco Nazionale del Locarnese".

Bern accepts the chief requests of the population in the Locarnese valleys.

The planning work for the "Parco Nazionale del Locarnese" begins.

 

December

The revision of the LPN and the relative Ordinance on Parks (ParkO) officially goes into effect.

 

 

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2008

February

The "Parco Nazionale del Locarnese" Council decides to support 15 pilot projects with 300'000 Swiss Francs.

Campo Valle Maggia withdraws from the project.

 

Summer

Negotiations are undertaken between Communes and "Patriziati" to define the central areas of the future park.

 

December

The Town Councils of 10 Communes give their consensus to the "Progetto Parco Nazionale del Locarnese", the commune of Cerentino withdraws from the project and Cevio asks a pause for reflection. The project document is delivered to the cantonal authorities.

 

 

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2009

January

The "Progetto Parco Nazionale del Locarnese" is delivered to the Confederation by a delegation of the Canton of Ticino government. Negotiations between the Canton and the Confederation about the project continuation begin.

 

 

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2010

In order to face the loss of vast territories in the high Maggia Valley, the project is reoriented getting surrounding communes on the Southern side involved. After a long series of meetings with the authorities of these communes, Ascona, Brissago, Cavigliano, Losone, Ronco sopra Ascona and Verscio decide to adhere to the "Progetto Parco Nazionale del Locarnese".

In the new version of the project, the future national park's territory extends over an area of 220 square km, which stretches from the Lake Maggiore shores to the Rovana Valley (with Linescio and Bosco Gurin villages), passing through Centovalli, Onsernone Valley and part of Terre di Pedemonte.

 

 

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2011

January

The new version of the "Progetto Parco Nazionale del Locarnese" is forwarded to Bern.

 

March

The project is admitted for general examination. The FOEN proceeds with the analysis of the documentation. The new Park Council sets up the new organization with the intent to manage the detail planning phase of the project (namely phase 3). This phase also includes the establishment of a series of thematic commissions intended to involve the parties in the territory in the detail planning work.

The thematic commissions are:

- tourism, recreation and gastronomy

- nature, research and central areas

- culture and landscape

- agriculture, forestry and handicrafts

- construction, quarries, transportation and energy

- communication and environmental education

 

June - October

After the nomination of the communes and "patriziati" delegations in the thematic commissions, the associations, public entities and the other parties in the territory are asked to nominate their representatives.

July

A commission of FOEN delegates visits the territory involved in the park project and meets with town councils and "patriziati" to verify on location the validity of the "Progetto Parco Nazionale del Locarnese".

 

September

The "Progetto Parco Nazionale del Locarnese" obtains the "Official National Park Candidate" label from the federal authorities and, simultaneously, the approval for the commencement of the park detail planning phase (phase 3), which will continue until 2015. Over the next few years the Park Council intends to collaborate with all the parties in the territory in order to realize a series of projects and numerous other activities. At the same time, the Park Map will be completed and it will be submitted for popular vote to the communes involved in the park project.