Pro Natura invites all Swiss communes to mull over the creation of a new national park and offers one million Swiss Francs for the project of a second national park.
5 Swiss regions, including the Locarnese, follow up on this appeal launching studies on the feasibility of such a project.
13 communes of the valleys in the Locarnese appoint the "Locarno and Vallemaggia Region" (RLVM) to perform in their area a pre-feasability study for a national park.
DETEC (Federal Department of the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications) and FOEN (Federal Office for the Environment) elaborate federal norm proposals for the creation of new parks.
The RLVM delivers the "Parco Nazionale del Locarnese pre-feasibility study" to the Communes.
The Swiss Federal Council enacts the new Federal Law on Nature and Landscape Protection (LPN) in consultation. The feedback is essentially positive.
The Swiss Federal Council decides to postpone the revision of the LPN to the next legislature raising a chorus of protests.
The Ticino State Council lodges a protest in Bern.
6 Ticino National Council Members are interpellated in Bern.
The Swiss Group for Mountain Regions lodges a protest.
A petition by 49 mayors (out of 50!) in the Locarnese is forwarded to the Swiss Federal Council
The Council of States commission disapproves the governmental decision.
The National Council of Switzerland, with 110 votes to 62, accepts Dick Marty's request to restore the revision of the LPN in the current legislature's agenda.
The Swiss Federal Council cedes to pressures and decides to restore the revision of the LPN in the legislature's agenda.
Contrary to the Swiss Federal Council's will, which did not want to be in accordance with any federal funding of the parks, the Swiss Council of States Commission decides that the Confederation will have to financially support the future parks with a maximum annual amount of 10 million Swiss Francs.
The revision of the LPN is accepted unanimously by the Council of States.
The National Council Commission decides, with 16 positive votes to 7 negative ones, to add the mandatory federal funding to parks in the LPN.
The "Swiss Parks Network" is founded in Salgesh, Canton of Wallis. It is an umbrella organization that unites all park projects of national importance in Switzerland.
The National Council also decides that the Confederation must participate in the parks funding.
The mayors of the valleys in the Locarnese decide to relaunch the park project.
After having eliminated the last divergences between the two Chambers, the federal parliament eventually votes on the revision of the LPN, which includes mandatory co-financing by the Confederation for parks of national importance. The revision process of this law will have lasted 8 years (1998-2006). Now the writing process of the Ordinance on Parks (ParkO) begins.
Establishment of the project organization: the Park Council, in which the Communes, "Patriziati" and the Locarno and Vallemaggia Region are represented, becomes the project's supervisory body. Samantha Bourgoin is nominated Project Manager.
The FOEN puts the Ordinance on Parks (ParkO) in consultation. The project group organizes a wide consultation in the entire study area of the "Parco Nazionale del Locarnese".
Bern accepts the chief requests of the population in the Locarnese valleys.
The planning work for the "Parco Nazionale del Locarnese" begins.
The revision of the LPN and the relative Ordinance on Parks (ParkO) officially goes into effect.
The "Parco Nazionale del Locarnese" Council decides to support 15 pilot projects with 300'000 Swiss Francs.
Campo Valle Maggia withdraws from the project.
Negotiations are undertaken between Communes and "Patriziati" to define the central areas of the future park.
The Town Councils of 10 Communes give their consensus to the "Progetto Parco Nazionale del Locarnese", the commune of Cerentino withdraws from the project and Cevio asks a pause for reflection. The project document is delivered to the cantonal authorities.
The "Progetto Parco Nazionale del Locarnese" is delivered to the Confederation by a delegation of the Canton of Ticino government. Negotiations between the Canton and the Confederation about the project continuation begin.
In order to face the loss of vast territories in the high Maggia Valley, the project is reoriented getting surrounding communes on the Southern side involved. After a long series of meetings with the authorities of these communes, Ascona, Brissago, Cavigliano, Losone, Ronco sopra Ascona and Verscio decide to adhere to the "Progetto Parco Nazionale del Locarnese".
In the new version of the project, the future national park's territory extends over an area of 220 square km, which stretches from the Lake Maggiore shores to the Rovana Valley (with Linescio and Bosco Gurin villages), passing through Centovalli, Onsernone Valley and part of Terre di Pedemonte.
The new version of the "Progetto Parco Nazionale del Locarnese" is forwarded to Bern.
The project is admitted for general examination. The FOEN proceeds with the analysis of the documentation. The new Park Council sets up the new organization with the intent to manage the detail planning phase of the project (namely phase 3). This phase also includes the establishment of a series of thematic commissions intended to involve the parties in the territory in the detail planning work.
The thematic commissions are:
- tourism, recreation and gastronomy
- nature, research and central areas
- culture and landscape
- agriculture, forestry and handicrafts
- construction, quarries, transportation and energy
- communication and environmental education
June - October
After the nomination of the communes and "patriziati" delegations in the thematic commissions, the associations, public entities and the other parties in the territory are asked to nominate their representatives.
A commission of FOEN delegates visits the territory involved in the park project and meets with town councils and "patriziati" to verify on location the validity of the "Progetto Parco Nazionale del Locarnese".
The "Progetto Parco Nazionale del Locarnese" obtains the "Official National Park Candidate" label from the federal authorities and, simultaneously, the approval for the commencement of the park detail planning phase (phase 3), which will continue until 2015. Over the next few years the Park Council intends to collaborate with all the parties in the territory in order to realize a series of projects and numerous other activities. At the same time, the Park Map will be completed and it will be submitted for popular vote to the communes involved in the park project.